Early childhood education (ECE) should be an integral part of Kazakhastan’s Strategy 2050, argues SAIS student Brynn Koeppen. ECE would help prepare students for university and productive careers and allow more mothers to return to the workforce sooner, growing the economy. It would also help close the gap in opportunity between rural and urban areas of the country and contribute to a more cohesive society.
In this article, author Joniel Cha investigates current trends in Russian natural gas production and export, focusing on its role in the European energy markets. He analyzes how Russia uses natural gas production for its geopolitical strategy, the policies and priorities of different European countries, the effects of external shocks from other large energy-producing countries, and other strengths and weaknesses of the Russian gas sector to assess its future as supplier to Europe.
At a time when China is increasing its power on the world stage, Dr. Shahid Yusuf, the Chief Economist of The Growth Dialogue at the George Washington University School of Business in Washington DC, attempts to investigate the effects of China’s Belt Initiative. In doing so, he discovered that the project will certainly increase China’s influence and economic power in Central Asia but it will also place the Chinese economy under heavy strain as Chinese growth begins to slow.
At a time where the international flow of remittances has received a great deal of criticisms by those on the political right, Jorge de Leon Miranda, a researcher at the International Monetary Fund, attempts to investigate the magnitude and effects of international remittances. In doing so, he discovered that remittances from the United States make up a great deal of the remittance inflow for at least fifteen countries and that the level of remittance inflow has an appreciable effect level of that country’s development.
“What is the future of the religious party? In this issue of the SAIS Review of International Affairs, a myriad group of authors probe this question in its multiple facets, considering the perspectives of many religions, cultures, and regions.” For instance, there are attempts to reconcile the causes behind the weakening of Christian Democratic parties in Europe with the rise of religious based parties in Turkey, India, Russia and elsewhere. Clearly, religion and politics are still intertwined in many parts of the world in the 21st century.